Izguba odvečne telesne teže in zmanjšanje visceralne trebušne maščobe

Izločanje oziroma zmanjšanje ogljikovih hidratov v prehrani običajno rezultira v izgubi odvečne telesne teže brez lakote. Trenutno to potrjuje že več kot 31 raziskav.

Ogljikovi hidrati namreč, bolj kot katerakoli druga hrana, stimulirajo izločanje hormona inzulina. 

Inzulin je glavni hormon v telesu za usmerjanje energije (zaužitih kalorij) v celice, kjer se porabljajo ali pa pretvarjajo oziroma skladiščijo v maščobe. Inzulin je tako primarni regulator nabiranja maščobe, neposredni povzročitelj debelosti pa so ogljikovi hidrati. 

V okviru AIP,  keto, Low carb, LCHF in paleo prehranskih smernic tako uravnavamo raven hormonov, predvsem vzdržujemo nizko raven inzulina in se izognemo vsem tistim zdravstvenim težavam, ki jih prinaša kronično povišanje in povečamo porabo skladiščene telesne maščobe za energijo. 

To je pri večini ljudi dovolj za izgubo odvečne telesne teže, še bolj pomembno pa je za izgubo trebušne oziroma visceralne maščobe. Ta je še posebej nevarna saj se skladišči okoli notranjih organov.

Spodaj so navedene nekatere raziskave in študije hujšanja zaradi prekomerne telesne teže v okviru nizkohidratnih prehranjevalnih smernic. Ljudem je torej bila predpisana ena izmed Low carb ali keto smernic z nizkim vnosom ogljikovih hidratov. 

Prvih 17 študij zajemajo potek in rezultate hujšanja, zadnje 3 študije pa opisujejo hujšanje zaradi prekomerne telesne teže s pomočjo teh prehranskih smernic pri diabetikih tipa 2.

Večina študij časovno traja od šest mesecev do enega leta, ena izmed njih tudi dve leti. Sledijo si v časovnem zaporedju do najnovejše.

Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, mediterranean, or low-fat diet

Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets: A Randomized Trial

Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and learn Diets for Change in Weight and Related Risk Factors Among Overweight Premenopausal Women. The a to z Weight Loss Study: A Randomized Trial

Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women

A Low-Carbohydrate as Compared with a Low-Fat Diet in Severe Obesity
Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor in overweight adolescents

The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat. A Randomized Trial

Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women

A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia. A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Perceived Hunger Is Lower and Weight Loss Is Greater in Overweight Premenopausal Women Consuming a Low-Carbohydrate/High- Protein vs High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diet

Efficacy and Safety of a High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diet for Weight Loss in Severely Obese Adolescents

Adiponectin Changes in Relation to the Macronutrient Composition of a Weight-Loss Diet

Low- and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets have similar effects on mood but not cognitive performance

A low-carbohydrate diet is more effective in reducing body weight than healthy eating in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects

Effects of weight loss from a very-low-carbohydrate diet on endothelial function and markers of cardiovascular disease risk in subjects with abdominal obesity

Carbohydrate Restriction has a More Favorable Impact on the Metabolic Syndrome than a Low Fat Diet

Metabolic impact of a ketogenic diet compared to a hypocaloric diet in obese children and adolescents

Short-term effects of severe dietary carbohydrate-restriction advice in Type 2 diabetes–a randomized controlled trial

The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic-index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Twelve-month outcomes of a randomized trial of a moderate-carbohydrate versus very low-carbohydrate diet in overweight adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus or prediabetes

A 4-week preoperative ketogenic micronutrient-enriched diet is effective in reducing body weight, left hepatic lobe volume, and micronutrient deficiencies in patients undergoing bariatric surgery: a prospective pilot study

Na to temo sta objavljeni tudi dve metaanalizi. Metaanaliza je posebna oblika statistične analize, v kateri na sistematičen način združujemo rezultate posameznih med seboj neodvisnih študij

Impact of low-carbohydrate diet on body composition: meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. 

Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials





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